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THE GENERATION DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM
Creatine Kinase (CK), also known as Creatine Phosphokinase or Phospho-creatine Kinase is an enzyme expressed by various tissues and cell types. Disruption of cell membranes due to hypoxia or other injury releases CK from the cellular cytosol into the systemic circulation. CK is a dimeric enzyme consisting of two subunits, which can be either B-(brain type) or M- (muscle type). These subunits associate to form three isoenzymic forms: CK-BB, CK-MM and CK-MB. These isoenzymes are expressed at different levels in various human tissues. Though CK-MM is the most abundant CK isoenzyme in the cardiac muscles, CK-MB constitutes about 20% of the total CK in the cardiac muscle tissue. Elevated levels of total CK is not specific to the myocardial tissue and may be observed in patients with skeletal muscle injury and certain other disorders but as CK-MB is more specific to myocardial tissue, CK–MB levels along with total CK can be considered as an important diagnostic indicator of myocardial infarction. The concentration of CKMB in the healthy adult is below 7.0ng/ml but it shows great increases in several malignant diseases, mostly primary coronary syndrome, myocardial injury and infarction. CK-MB has been found to be more sensitive and early indicator of myocardial injury because it has a lower basal level and a much narrower normal range. Medical literature commonly reveals that following an acute myocardial infarction, CK-MB levels become elevated in 4 to 9 hours after the onset of chest pain, attain peak at 10 to 24 hours, and return to normal within 2 to 3 days. Use of CK-MB level as a percentage of total CK in the diagnosis of myocardial infraction is the most important clinical application of CK measurements in clinical chemistry.
- 1. C. Daniel Cabaniss, Creatine Kinase, in: H.K. Walker, W.D. Hall, J.W. Hurst (Eds.), Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations, 3rd Ed.,Butterworths, Boston, 1990, pp 161-163.
- 2. Adams, J.E., Abendschein, D.R., Jaffe A.S., Biochemical markers of myocardial injury: Is MB creatine kinase the choice for the 1990s, Circulation, 1993; 88: 750-63.
- 3. Kent Lewandrowski, Ahchean Chen and James Januzzi, Cardiac markers for myocardial infarction, Am J Clin Pathol 2002;118 (Suppl 1):S93-S99.
- 4. Analysis of creatine kinase, CK-MB, myoglobin, and troponin T time- activity curves for early assessment of coronary artery reperfusion after intravenous thrombolysis Circulation. 1993;87:1542-1550.
- 5.Simultaneous Rapid Measurement of Whole Blood Myoglobin, Creatine Kinase MB, and Cardiac Troponin I by the Triage Cardiac Panel for detection of Myocardial Infarction Clinical Chemistry 45:2 199–205 (1999).
- 6.Diagnostic Marker Cooperative Study for the Diagnosis of myocardial Infarction Circulation. 1999;99:1671-1677
- 7. Bedside Multimarker Testing for Risk Stratification in Chest Pain Units: The Chest Pain Evaluation by Creatine Kinase-MB, Myoglobin, and Troponin I (CHECKMATE) Study Circulation. 2001;103:1832-1837
|Detection Range||3~100 ng/mL|
|Sample Type||Whole Blood, Serum, Plasma|